Wood Pulp Prices Rose Worldwide in Q1
Seattle, WA, July 12, 2018-Strong pulp markets and record high prices for both softwood and hardwood market pulp resulted in upward price pressures on wood fiber throughout the world in the Q1 2018, reports the Wood Resource Quarterly (WRQ).
The Global Softwood Fiber Price Index (SFPI) was up by 3.4% from the Q4 2017 to the Q1 2018, the second highest quarter-to-quarter increase in seven years. Softwood prices rose in all 20 regions covered by the WRQ with the exception of Eastern Canada, where chip prices fell 16% quarter over quarter (in US dollars).
Hardwood pulplogs saw a more modest price increase than softwood pulplogs, with prices rising the most in Russia, Spain and Finland. The Global Hardwood Fiber Price Index (HFPI)reached a three-year high in the Q1 2018 and was 8.0% higher than in the Q1 2018.
Profit margins continued to improve for pulp companies in the Q1 2018 as pulp prices increased faster than the wood fiber costs. Northern Bleached Softwood Kraft Pulp (NBSK) pulp prices jumped in the Q1 2018 to new record highs, while the crucial wood costs were only slightly higher. This resulted in a record low wood fiber cost percentage of 22.5% of the pulp price. With the wood fiber costs accounting for 40% to 60% of the total manufacturing costs, market producers can expect healthy returns in 2018.
The wood costs share for Southern Bleached Softwood Kraft Pulp (SBSK) price was also down, dropping to 16.2%. This is the lowest it has been in 25 years, and is mainly due to sharply increasing pulp prices. The SBSK pulp is produced in the U.S. South, Iberia, Latin America and Oceania.
For Eucalyptus Bleached Kraft Pulp (EBK), the wood fiber share fell to 16.1% in the Q1 2018, the lowest cost share since 2003, according to the WRQ. As with the other major pulp grades, it was mostly the result of higher pulp prices rather any substantial changes in wood costs.